Excess amount of body fat is Obesity. Excess weight of muscles, bone, fat and water in the body (like in body builders and athletes) is not obesity but is overweight.

Over weighted and obese persons are at increased health risk than normal persons. They are more prone to chronic diseases like heart disease, diabetes, arthritis, high blood pressure, stroke, and some types of cancer. There are key factors including the type of diet and the distribution of fat in the body. Some fat is necessary. This means in normal conditions the body fat keeps the body moisturised, causes sweating , stores energy, insulates from heat and cold, absorbs shock, and  nourishes bones. Most western nations have established an appropriate scale suited to average semi-tropical conditions. !0% over that in weight is considered obese in statistical analysis. Heavily muscled persons would therefore erroneously be called obese while on the scales.

The disease statistics further really apply to those with excess fat in combination with unhealthy eating habits. The distribution of fat on the body is a distinguishing factor as well. Women have more body fat than men generally speaking. In women usually the fat accumulates around hips giving them a pear shape. In men it accumulates around belly giving them an apple shape. The obesity related problems start when fat accumulates around waist. Evenly distributed fat over the whole body can indicate a bigger bone structure. stronger physique with reasonable diet etc.

So technically a person could be 15% overweight to be obese but the problem exists and generally throughout the western world obesity levels are around 50% of all adults and approaching that in children.

So what are the causes

1  When a person consumes more calories than he burns then the excess calories get stored in the form of fat causing obesity. Calorie counting has become less popular because of the complications between different types of foods

2  The genetic factor does come into play as obesity tends to run in families. If parents are fat then the offspring also show a tendency to accumulate fat. It can only be expected that the diet and lifestyle habits which parents live by when the children are growing will also most likely be followed by the children.

3. Environment. Eating habits are contagious to a degree and the level of physical activities a person can also follow the pattern which is popular in a certain area.

4  Psychological disturbances.- There is a noticeable and recognised tendency to over eat in response to negative emotions like boredom, sadness or anger. This leads to obesity.

5  Diseases and conditions like Hypothyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome, Depression, and certain neurological problems do lead to overeating which in turn leads to accumulation of fat.

6. Medicines such as steroids and many antidepressants may cause weight gain. In fact some cause gross obesity. Hormone balancing medication for example should be a precise arrangement.

7  Binge eating disorder. There is very little known at this time about such disorders which are not connected to the previous conditions mentioned. It can be related to the types of foods eaten which often create blood sugar imbalances up and down. Obesity normally follows.

8. The types of foods we eat are commonly still the main reason for obesity. Sugar, wheat, vegetable oils, soy products and to a lesser extent dairy products. Small amounts of any of these foods in a balanced diet are not the problem. As the percentages grow against the percentage of raw and lightly cooked plant based foods so the number of fat cells grows. Meat and fish raw or cooked is acceptable for most people but not for all. The explanation for most of this is in the final cause.

9. Hormonal imbalance is the key to destructive weight gain and also the key to weight loss. The hormones are at the end of the chain of food based causes. The biggest problem today is gluten from grains and specifically wheat gluten which is known to tear at the gut lining. While the body normally repairs the damage through daily cell replacement, hitches such as age or sickness can halt the replacement program allowing gut lining permeability to establish. Know as leaky gut syndrome the problem causes the immune system to attack the leaked food and other particles some of which can contain oestrogen and other impurities. The disease is then established as autoimmune disease where mistaken identities can cause attacks to extend to functional body components such as the hormones and thyroid components. The resulting imbalance in hormones then causes a bunch of problems including sleep, energy, skin, female hormonal and you guessed it weight problems!! Follow us into the reversal discussions.